Agarwood is the resinous, fragrant heartwood produced by
Aquilaria tree. Agarwood is formed when normal wood tissues are wounded by fungal
infections, chemical stimulation or any other physical way .This process
produces a dark resin to counter the attack.The resin is aromatic and dense in
natur.It is native to Southeast Asia, with Indonesia, Malaysia,
Vietnam,Cambodia, Thailand main producer of it.
ESSENTIAL oil:-The A. crassna specie of aquilara tree
contains good quality Agarwood oil.It is extracted by hydro distillation.
Supercritical fluid carbon dioxide extraction method is mainly used in
Sesquiterpenes and 2-(2-phenylethyl)-4H-chromen-4-one
derivatives are the main constituents in agarwood. Sesquiterpenes can be
divided into Agarofurans, Agarospiranes,Guaianes.Some aromatic compounds it
have are Benzylacetone, Anisicacid,(p-Methoxybenzyl)acetone.